ePrints@IIScePrints@IISc Home | About | Browse | Latest Additions | Advanced Search | Contact | Help

Observation of power-law behavior in temperature dependent conductivity of multiwall carbon nanotube/polystyrene composites

Bhatia, Ravi and Sameera, I and Prasad, V and Menon, Reghu (2018) Observation of power-law behavior in temperature dependent conductivity of multiwall carbon nanotube/polystyrene composites. In: MATERIALS CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS, 211 . pp. 258-263.

[img] PDF
Mat_Che-Phy_211_258_2018.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (1MB) | Request a copy
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1016/j.matchemphys.2018.02.0...

Abstract

For last two decades, a pronounced temperature dependence of electrical conductivity (sigma) in the multiwall carbon nanotube (MWCNT) - based polymer composite (even above the percolation threshold) has been widely reported; the conduction mechanism has been understood by employing conventional models, namely variable range hopping and fluctuation induced tunneling. Herein, we report on the observation of a weak temperature dependence of sigma in the MWCNT/polystyrene composites above percolation threshold (0.7-7 wt %) at temperatures down to 1.4 K, with a conductivity ratio smaller than 3. The low temperature conductivity data follow power-law exhibiting two slope behavior, with exponent values beta(1) similar to 0.10-0.14 (at T > 5 K) and beta(2) similar to 0.23-0.36 (at T < 5 K). The observation of weak temperature dependence of sigma is attributed to high aspect ratio (more than 4000), achievement of high degree of dispersion, and excellent electrical properties of MWCNT as well as optimized composite processing. Further, all the samples exhibit negative magnetoresistance which can be explained within the framework of weak localization model. (C) 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belong to ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA, PO BOX 564, 1001 LAUSANNE, SWITZERLAND
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 16 May 2018 15:57
Last Modified: 16 May 2018 15:57
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/59856

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item