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Colloidal lithography nanostructured Pd/PdOx core-shell sensor for ppb level H2S

Benedict, Samatha and Lumdee, Chatdanai and Dmitriev, Alexandre and Anand, Srinivasan and Bhat, Navakanta (2018) Colloidal lithography nanostructured Pd/PdOx core-shell sensor for ppb level H2S. In: NANOTECHNOLOGY, 29 (25).

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1088/1361-6528/aaba88

Abstract

In this work we report on plasma oxidation of palladium (Pd) to form reliable palladium/palladium oxide (Pd/PdOx) core-shell sensor for ppb level H2S detection and its performance improvement through nanostructuring using hole-mask colloidal lithography (HCL). The plasma oxidation parameters and the sensor operating conditions are optimized to arrive at a sensor device with high sensitivity and repeatable response for H2S. The plasma oxidized palladium/palladium oxide sensor shows a response of 43.1% at 3 ppm H2S at the optimum operating temperature of 200 degrees C with response and recovery times of 24 s and 155 s, respectively. The limit of detection (LoD) of the plasma oxidised beam is 10 ppb. We further integrate HCL, a bottom-up and cost-effective process, to create nanodiscs of fixed diameter of 100 nm and varying heights (10, 15 and 20 nm) on 10 nm thin Pd beam which is subsequently plasma oxidized to improve the H2S sensing characteristics. The nanostructured Pd/PdOx sensor with nanodiscs of 100 nm diameter and 10 nm height shows an enhancement in sensing performance by 11.8% at same operating temperature and gas concentration. This nanostructured sensor also shows faster response and recovery times (15s and 100s, respectively) compared to the unstructured Pd/PdOx counterpart together with an experimental LoD of 10 ppb and the estimated limit going all the way down to 2 ppb. Material characterization of the fabricated Pd/PdOx sensors is done using UV-vis spectroscopy and x-ray photoemission spectroscopy.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belong to IOP PUBLISHING LTD, TEMPLE CIRCUS, TEMPLE WAY, BRISTOL BS1 6BE, ENGLAND
Department/Centre: Division of Interdisciplinary Research > Centre for Nano Science and Engineering
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 16 May 2018 15:58
Last Modified: 16 May 2018 15:58
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/59853

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