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Hydrogen Sulfide in Physiology and Pathogenesis of Bacteria and Viruses

Pal, Virender Kumar and Bandyopadhyay, Parijat and Singh, Amit (2018) Hydrogen Sulfide in Physiology and Pathogenesis of Bacteria and Viruses. In: IUBMB LIFE, 70 (5). pp. 393-410.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/iub.1740

Abstract

An increasing number of studies have established hydrogen sulfide (H2S) gas as a major cytoprotectant and redox modulator. Following its discovery, H2S has been found to have pleiotropic effects on physiology and human health. H2S acts as a gasotransmitter and exerts its influence on gastrointestinal, neuronal, cardiovascular, respiratory, renal, and hepatic systems. Recent discoveries have clearly indicated the importance of H2S in regulating vasorelaxation, angiogenesis, apoptosis, ageing, and metabolism. Contrary to studies in higher organisms, the role of H2S in the pathophysiology of infectious agents such as bacteria and viruses has been less studied. Bacterial and viral infections are often accompanied by changes in the redox physiology of both the host and the pathogen. Emerging studies indicate that bacterial-derived H2S constitutes a defense system against antibiotics and oxidative stress. The H2S signaling pathway also seems to interfere with redox-based events affected on infection with viruses. This review aims to summarize recent advances on the emerging role of H2S gas in the bacterial physiology and viral infections. Such studies have opened up new research avenues exploiting H2S as a potential therapeutic intervention. (C) 2018 The Authors IUBMB Life published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

Item Type: Editorials/Short Communications
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belong to WILEY, 111 RIVER ST, HOBOKEN 07030-5774, NJ USA
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Microbiology & Cell Biology
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 08 May 2018 19:03
Last Modified: 04 Oct 2018 14:53
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/59814

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