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Ferrocene conjugated copper(II) complexes of terpyridine and traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) anticancer ligands showing selective toxicity towards cancer cells

Deka, Banashree and Bhattacharyya, Arnab and Mukherjee, Sanjoy and Sarkar, Tukki and Soni, Kiran and Banerjee, Samya and Saikia, Kandarpa K and Deka, Sasanka and Hussain, Akhtar (2018) Ferrocene conjugated copper(II) complexes of terpyridine and traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) anticancer ligands showing selective toxicity towards cancer cells. In: APPLIED ORGANOMETALLIC CHEMISTRY, 32 (4).

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/aoc.4287

Abstract

Six novel mixed-ligand copper(II) complexes, namely, Cu(R-tpy)(L)]NO3 (1-6), where R-tpy is 4-phenyl-2,2:6,2-terpyridine (Ph-tpy; 1-3) and 4-ferrocenyl-2,2:6,2-terpyridine (Fc-tpy; 4-6), L is the bidentate O,O donor monoanion of plumbagin (5-hydroxy-2-methyl-1,4-naphthoquinone; plum in 1, 4), chrysin (5,7-dihydroxyflavone; chry in 2, 5) and curcumin (bis(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-1,6-diene-3,5-dione; curc in 3, 6) have been synthesized and characterized and their in vitro cytotoxicity against cancer cells is evaluated. The energy optimized structures and the frontier orbitals of the complexes have been obtained from the DFT calculations. Complexes 4-6 with a conjugated ferrocenyl moiety and TCM anticancer ligands, namely, plum (in 4), chry (in 5) and curc (in 6) showed potent cytotoxicity giving respective IC50 values of 1.2M, 0.62M and 0.21M in HeLa and 2.0M and 1.0M and 0.34M in MCF-7 cancer cells while being much less toxic to MCF-10A normal cells (IC50: 8.3-17.1M). In contrast, complexes 1-3 with a conjugated phenyl moiety were appreciably less toxic to HeLa cells with respective IC50 values of 10.4M, 8.1M and 5.5M when compared with their ferrocenyl analogues 4-6. Mechanistic studies using Hoechst staining and Annexin-V-FITC assays on cancer cells revealed an apoptotic pathway of cell death induced by the complexes. Fluorescence imaging study showed that complex 6 having curcumin as ligand localized primarily in the mitochondria of HeLa cells. Thus, we demonstrate in this study that ferrocene conjugation to copper(II) complexes of TCM anticancer ligands significantly increases the selectivity and cytotoxicity of the resulting complexes towards cancer cells over normal cells.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belong to WILEY, 111 RIVER ST, HOBOKEN 07030-5774, NJ USA
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Inorganic & Physical Chemistry
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 04 May 2018 18:47
Last Modified: 04 May 2018 18:47
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/59761

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