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Modeling of a hybrid electric heavy duty vehicle to assess energy recovery using a thermoelectric generator

Muralidhar, Nischal and Himabindu, M and Ravikrishna, RV (2018) Modeling of a hybrid electric heavy duty vehicle to assess energy recovery using a thermoelectric generator. In: ENERGY, 148 . pp. 1046-1059.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2018.02.023

Abstract

Conventional internal combustion engines exhibit efficiency in the range of 30%-40%. A significant portion of the remaining energy is dissipated as exhaust heat, some of which can be recovered using thermoelectric generators to reduce fuel consumption and CO2 emissions. The current study evaluates the benefits of using thermoelectric electric generators in hybrid electric vehicles over a prescribed drive-cycle. Specifically, a hybrid electric bus was first modeled over a realistic urban drive-cycle. Engine operating parameters such as torque and speed were extracted and provided as inputs to an engine simulation model. A virtual thermoelectric generator was then modeled using the Matlab/Simulink architecture to evaluate the quantity of energy that can be recovered based on inputs from the engine simulation model. Simulations were carried out to accurately assess the amount of fuel savings achieved due to the use of the thermoelectric generators system. From the analysis, it was observed that a fuel saving of 7.2% and 6.5% can be achieved with the use of Skutterudite and Silicon Germanium-based thermoelectric generator systems, respectively. It was also observed that the additional weight of the thermoelectric generator system had a negligible effect on the fuel consumption. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belong to PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, THE BOULEVARD, LANGFORD LANE, KIDLINGTON, OXFORD OX5 1GB, ENGLAND
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 04 May 2018 18:47
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2018 06:30
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/59748

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