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Vortex depinning as a nonequilibrium phase transition phenomenon: Scaling of current-voltage curves near the low and the high critical-current states in 2H-NbS2 single crystals

Bag, Biplab and Sivananda, Dibya J and Mandal, Pabitra and Banerjee, SS and Sood, AK and Grover, AK (2018) Vortex depinning as a nonequilibrium phase transition phenomenon: Scaling of current-voltage curves near the low and the high critical-current states in 2H-NbS2 single crystals. In: PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 97 (13).

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1103/PhysRevB.97.134510

Abstract

The vortex depinning phenomenon in single crystals of 2H-NbS2 superconductors is used as a prototype for investigating properties of the nonequilibrium (NEQ) depinning phase transition. The 2H-NbS2 is a unique system as it exhibits two distinct depinning thresholds, viz., a lower critical current I-c(l) and a higher one I-c(h). While I-c(l) is related to depinning of a conventional, static (pinned) vortex state, the state with I-c(h) is achieved via a negative differential resistance (NDR) transition where the velocity abruptly drops. Using a generalized finite-temperature scaling ansatz, we study the scaling of current (I)-voltage (V) curves measured across I-c(l) and I-c(h). Our analysis shows that for I > I-c(l), the moving vortex state exhibits Arrhenius-like thermally activated flow behavior. This feature persists up to a current value where an inflexion in the IV curves is encountered. While past measurements have often reported similar inflexion, our analysis shows that the inflexion is a signature of a NEQ phase transformation from a thermally activated moving vortex phase to a free flowing phase. Beyond this inflection in IV, a large vortex velocity flow regime is encountered in the 2H-NbS2 system, wherein the Bardeen-Stephen flux flow limit is crossed. In this regime the NDR transition is encountered, leading to the high I-c(h) state. The IV curves above I-c(h) we show do not obey the generalized finite-temperature scaling ansatz (as obeyed near I-c(l)). Instead, they scale according to the Fisher's scaling form Fisher, Phys. Rev. B 31, 1396 (1985)] where we show thermal fluctuations do not affect the vortex flow, unlike that found for depinning near I-c(l).

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belong to AMER PHYSICAL SOC, ONE PHYSICS ELLIPSE, COLLEGE PK, MD 20740-3844 USA
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 04 May 2018 18:48
Last Modified: 25 Feb 2019 09:31
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/59718

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