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Spatial variation of different rain systems during El Nio and La Nia periods over India and adjoining ocean

Saikranthi, K and Radhakrishna, Basivi and Satheesh, S K and Rao, T Narayana (2018) Spatial variation of different rain systems during El Nio and La Nia periods over India and adjoining ocean. In: CLIMATE DYNAMICS, 50 (9-10). pp. 3671-3685.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00382-017-3833-4

Abstract

The spatial patterns of rainfall and rain systems during El Nio and La Nia episodes are distinctly different due to the longitudinal variations in the Walker circulation ascent/decent branches over India and adjoining Oceans. In order to examine these differences, 16 years (1998-2013) of Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) Precipitation Radar (PR) data have been utilized. TRMM-PR delineated precipitating systems (convective, stratiform and shallow) show distinctly different spatial structures over India and adjoining Oceans during El Nio and La Nia episodes. During the El Nio episode, the occurrence of deep systems is high over north of 20A degrees N latitude, and shallow systems are plentiful over south of 20A degrees N latitude. On the other hand, during the La Nia episodes, the occurrence of shallow systems is in excess over Pakistan, central India, northwest Arabian Sea, southwest Indian Ocean and northern Bay of Bengal while the deep systems are abundant over west coast of India, Ganges basin, eastern Indian Ocean and Arabian Sea. The excess convective rain pixels observed during El Nio years are from deep and deep and wide convective core systems due to increase in the CAPE, nevertheless the broad stratiform rain systems are prevalent during La Nia years due to the high convergence of moisture flux and mid-tropospheric upward motion. Though the convective occurrence is more, their intensity is weaker during El Nio years than during La Nia years, indicating the intense nature of convective storms during La Nia episodes.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belong to SPRINGER, 233 SPRING ST, NEW YORK, NY 10013 USA
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Divecha Centre for Climate Change
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 04 May 2018 18:49
Last Modified: 16 Oct 2018 08:52
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/59694

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