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Temperature and Monsoon Tango in a Tropical Stalagmite: Last Glacial-Interglacial Climate Dynamics

Huguet, Carme and Routh, Joyanto and Fietz, Susanne and Lone, Mahjoor Ahmad and Kalpana, M S and Ghosh, Prosenjit and Mangini, Augusto and Kumar, Vikash and Rangarajan, Ravi (2018) Temperature and Monsoon Tango in a Tropical Stalagmite: Last Glacial-Interglacial Climate Dynamics. In: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, 8 .

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-23606-w

Abstract

High-resolution paleoclimate data on stable isotopes in a stalagmite were coupled to glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers (GDGTs). The Indian Summer Monsoon (ISM) transitioned from limited rainfall during the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) to intense precipitation during early Holocene (22 to 6 ka). This was associated with changes in stalagmite growth, abundance of branched (br) and isoprenoid (iso) GDGTs, as well as delta O-18, delta C-13, Sr/Ca and GDGT-derived signals providing both temperature and moisture information. The reconstructed mean annual air temperature (MAAT) of the most modern stalagmite sample at similar to 19 degrees C, matches the surface and cave MAAT, but was similar to 4 degrees C lower during LGM. Warming at the end of LGM occurred before ISM strengthened and indicate 6 ka lag consistent with sea surface temperature records. The isotope records during the Younger Dryas show rapid progressions to dry conditions and weak monsoons, but these shifts are not coupled to TEX86. Moreover, change to wetter and stronger ISM, along with warmer Holocene conditions are not continuous indicating a decoupling of local temperatures from ISM.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belong to NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP, MACMILLAN BUILDING, 4 CRINAN ST, LONDON N1 9XW, ENGLAND
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Centre for Earth Sciences
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 14 Apr 2018 18:50
Last Modified: 14 Apr 2018 18:50
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/59572

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