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History, culture, infrastructure and export markets shape fisheries and reef accessibility in India's contrasting oceanic islands

Jaini, Mahima and Advani, Sahir and Shanker, Kartik and Oommen, Meera A and Namboothri, Naveen (2018) History, culture, infrastructure and export markets shape fisheries and reef accessibility in India's contrasting oceanic islands. In: ENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVATION, 45 (1). pp. 41-48.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S037689291700042X

Abstract

Islands offer unique model systems for studying fisheries development in relation to the growing global seafood trade. This study examines how export-driven fisheries in India's oceanic islands (Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Lakshadweep Islands) differ significantly as a result of their varied history, culture, available infrastructure and market access. Despite being geographically closer to export centres on the Indian mainland, processing and transport infrastructure in the Lakshadweep Islands are limited. This only allows for the trade of non-perishable commodities like dried tuna that are caught using traditional pole-and-line fishing techniques, restricting reef exploitation to local preference-based consumption and opportunistic export. The Andaman Islands, on the other hand, with multiple daily flight connections and large private and government processing facilities, are better connected to export markets. The relatively recent and multicultural fisheries of these islands supply marine commodity chains for reef fishery goods such as dried shark fins, frozen snapper fillets and chilled groupers. The Nicobar Islands are furthest away from mainland export centres and are mostly populated by indigenous communities - fishing here is mostly for subsistence and local sale. Revised estimates of travel times to export market centres are counterintuitive in terms of geographical distances and are significantly different from travel times to local markets.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for the article belong to CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS, 32 AVENUE OF THE AMERICAS, NEW YORK, NY 10013-2473 USA
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Centre for Ecological Sciences
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 27 Mar 2018 18:28
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2018 18:28
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/59389

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