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Species-Specific Interactions of Arr with RpIK Mediate Stringent Response in Bacteria

Agrawal, Priyanka and Varada, Rajagopal and Sah, Shivjee and Bhattacharyya, Souvik and Varshney, Umesh (2018) Species-Specific Interactions of Arr with RpIK Mediate Stringent Response in Bacteria. In: JOURNAL OF BACTERIOLOGY, 200 (6).

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/JB.00722-17


D Bacteria respond to stressful growth conditions through a conserved phenomenon of stringent response mediated by synthesis of stress alarmones ppGpp and pppGpp referred to as (p)ppGpp]. (p)ppGpp synthesis is known to occur by ribosome-associated RelA. In addition, a dual-function protein, SpoT (with both synthetase and hydrolase activities), maintains (p)ppGpp homeostasis. The presence of (p)ppGpp is also known to contribute to antibiotic resistance in bacteria. Mycobacterium smegmatis possesses Arr, which inactivates rifampin by its ADP ribosylation. Arr has been shown to be upregulated in response to stress. However, the roles Arr might play during growth have remained unclear. We show that Arr confers growth fitness advantage to M. smegmatis even in the absence of rifampin. Arr deficiency in M. smegmatis resulted in deficiency of biofilm formation. Further, we show that while Arr does not interact with the wild-type Escherichia coli ribosomes, it interacts with them when the E. coli ribosomal protein L11 (a stringent response regulator) is replaced with its homolog from M. smegmatis. The Arr interaction with E. coli ribosomes occurs even when the N-terminal 33 amino acids of its L11 protein were replaced with the corresponding sequence of M. smegmatis L11 (Msm-EcoL11 chimeric protein). Interestingly, Arr interaction with the E. coli ribosomes harboring M. smegmatis L11 or Msm-EcoL11 results in the synthesis of ppGpp in vivo. Our study shows a novel role of antibiotic resistance gene arr in stress response. IMPORTANCE Mycobacterium smegmatis, like many other bacteria, possesses an ADP-ribosyltransferase, Arr, which confers resistance to the first-line antituberculosis drug, rifampin, by its ADP ribosylation. In this report, we show that in addition to its known property of conferring resistance to rifampin, Arr confers growth fitness advantage to M. smegmatis even when there is no rifampin in the growth medium. We then show that Arr establishes species-specific interactions with ribosomes through the N-terminal sequence of ribosomal protein L11 (a stringent response regulator) and results in ppGpp (stress alarmone) synthesis. Deficiency of Arr in M. smegmatis results in deficiency of biofilm formation. Arr protein is physiologically important both in conferring antibiotic resistance as well as in mediating stringent response.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for the article belong to AMER SOC MICROBIOLOGY, 1752 N ST NW, WASHINGTON, DC 20036-2904 USA
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Microbiology & Cell Biology
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 19 Mar 2018 18:28
Last Modified: 19 Mar 2018 18:28
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/59237

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