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Groundwater Level Dynamics in Bengaluru City, India

Sekhar, M and Tomer, Sat Kumar and Thiyaku, S and Giriraj, P and Murthy, Sanjeeva and Mehta, Vishal K (2018) Groundwater Level Dynamics in Bengaluru City, India. In: SUSTAINABILITY, 10 (1).

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/su10010026

Abstract

Groundwater accounts for half of Indian urban water use. However, little is known about its sustainability, because of inadequate monitoring and evaluation. We deployed a dense monitoring network in 154 locations in Bengaluru, India between 2015 and 2017. Groundwater levels collected at these locations were analyzed to understand the behavior of the city's groundwater system. At a local scale, groundwater behavior is non-classical, with valleys showing deeper groundwater than ridge-tops. We hypothesize that this is due to relatively less pumping compared to artificial recharge from leaking pipes and wastewater in the higher, city core areas, than in the rapidly growing, lower peripheral areas, where the converse is true. In the drought year of 2016, groundwater depletion was estimated at 27 mm, or 19 Mm(3) over the study area. The data show that rainfall has the potential to replenish the aquifer. High rainfall during August-September 2017 led to a mean recharge of 67 mm, or 47 Mm(3) for the study area. A rainfall recharge factor of 13.5% was estimated from the data for 2016. Sustainable groundwater management in Bengaluru must account for substantial spatial socio-hydrological heterogeneity. Continuous monitoring at high spatial density will be needed to inform evidence-based policy.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for the article belong to MDPI AG, ST ALBAN-ANLAGE 66, CH-4052 BASEL, SWITZERLAND
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Civil Engineering
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 14 Mar 2018 17:38
Last Modified: 14 Mar 2018 17:38
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/59183

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