ePrints@IIScePrints@IISc Home | About | Browse | Latest Additions | Advanced Search | Contact | Help

Mechanism of formation of a toroid around DNA by the mismatch sensor protein

Nirwal, Shivlee and Kulkarni, Dhananjaya S and Sharma, Amit and Rao, Desirazu N and Nair, Deepak T (2018) Mechanism of formation of a toroid around DNA by the mismatch sensor protein. In: NUCLEIC ACIDS RESEARCH, 46 (1). pp. 256-266.

[img] PDF
Nuc_Aci_Res_46_256-266_2018.pdf - Published Version

Download (3MB)
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/nar/gkx1149


The DNA mismatch repair (MMR) pathway removes errors that appear during genome replication. MutS is the primary mismatch sensor and forms an asymmetric dimer that encircles DNA to bend it to scan for mismatches. The mechanism utilized to load DNA into the central tunnel was unknown and the origin of the force required to bend DNA was unclear. We show that, in absence of DNA, MutS forms a symmetric dimer wherein a gap exists between the monomers through which DNA can enter the central tunnel. The comparison with structures of MutS-DNA complexes suggests that the mismatch scanning monomer (B-m) will move by nearly 50 angstrom to associate with the other monomer (A(m)). Consequently, the N-terminal domains of both monomers will press onto DNA to bend it. The proposed mechanism of toroid formation evinces that the force required to bend DNA arises primarily due to the movement of B-m and hence, the MutS dimer acts like a pair of pliers to bend DNA. We also shed light on the allosteric mechanism that influences the expulsion of adenosine triphosphate from A(m) on DNA binding. Overall, this study provides mechanistic insight regarding the primary event in MMR i.e. the assembly of the MutS-DNA complex.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belong to the OXFORD UNIV PRESS, GREAT CLARENDON ST, OXFORD OX2 6DP, ENGLAND
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
Date Deposited: 02 Mar 2018 14:56
Last Modified: 02 Mar 2018 14:56
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/59051

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item