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Resonant Column Tests and Nonlinear Elasticity in Simulated Rocks

Sebastian, Resmi and Sitharam, TG (2018) Resonant Column Tests and Nonlinear Elasticity in Simulated Rocks. In: ROCK MECHANICS AND ROCK ENGINEERING, 51 (1). pp. 155-172.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00603-017-1308-x

Abstract

Rocks are generally regarded as linearly elastic even though the manifestations of nonlinearity are prominent. The variations of elastic constants with varying strain levels and stress conditions, disagreement between static and dynamic moduli, etc., are some of the examples of nonlinear elasticity in rocks. The grain-to-grain contact, presence of pores and joints along with other compliant features induce the nonlinear behavior in rocks. The nonlinear elastic behavior of rocks is demonstrated through resonant column tests and numerical simulations in this paper. Resonant column tests on intact and jointed gypsum samples across varying strain levels have been performed in laboratory and using numerical simulations. The paper shows the application of resonant column apparatus to obtain the wave velocities of stiff samples at various strain levels under long wavelength condition, after performing checks and incorporating corrections to the obtained resonant frequencies. The numerical simulation and validation of the resonant column tests using distinct element method are presented. The stiffness reductions of testing samples under torsional and flexural vibrations with increasing strain levels have been analyzed. The nonlinear elastic behavior of rocks is reflected in the results, which is enhanced by the presence of joints. The significance of joint orientation and influence of joint spacing during wave propagation have also been assessed and presented using the numerical simulations. It has been found that rock joints also exhibit nonlinear behavior within the elastic limit.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy Right for this article belong to the SPRINGER WIEN, SACHSENPLATZ 4-6, PO BOX 89, A-1201 WIEN, AUSTRIA
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Civil Engineering
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 02 Mar 2018 15:05
Last Modified: 02 Mar 2018 15:05
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/58925

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