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Algorithmic Aspects of Optimal Channel Coding

Barman, Siddharth and Fawzi, Omar (2018) Algorithmic Aspects of Optimal Channel Coding. In: IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INFORMATION THEORY, 64 (2). pp. 1038-1045.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TIT.2017.2696963

Abstract

A central question in information theory is to determine the maximum success probability that can be achieved in sending a fixed number of messages over a noisy channel. This was first studied in the pioneering work of Shannon, who established a simple expression characterizing this quantity in the limit of multiple independent uses of the channel. Here, we consider the general setting with only one use of the channel. We observe that the maximum success probability can be expressed as the maximum value of a submodular function. Using this connection, we establish the following results: 1) There is a simple greedy polynomial-time algorithm that computes a code achieving a (1 - e(-1))-approximation of the maximum success probability. The factor (1-e(-1)) can be improved arbitrarily close to 1 at the cost of slightly reducing the number of messages to be sent. Moreover, it is NP-hard to obtain an approximation ratio strictly better than (1 - e(-1)) for the problem of computing the maximum success probability. 2) Shared quantum entanglement between the sender and the receiver can increase the success probability by a factor of at most (1/(1 - e(-1))). In addition, this factor is tight if one allows an arbitrary non-signaling box between the sender and the receiver. 3) We give tight bounds on the one-shot performance of the meta-converse of Polyanskiy-Poor-Verdu.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC, 445 HOES LANE, PISCATAWAY, NJ 08855-4141 USA
Department/Centre: Division of Electrical Sciences > Computer Science & Automation
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 02 Mar 2018 15:06
Last Modified: 10 Oct 2018 16:03
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/58905

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