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Multi-biofunctional polymer graphene composite for bone tissue regeneration that elutes copper ions to impart angiogenic, osteogenic and bactericidal properties

Jaidev, LR and Kumar, Sachin and Chatterjee, Kaushik (2017) Multi-biofunctional polymer graphene composite for bone tissue regeneration that elutes copper ions to impart angiogenic, osteogenic and bactericidal properties. In: COLLOIDS AND SURFACES B-BIOINTERFACES, 159 . pp. 293-302.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.colsurfb.2017.07.083

Abstract

Despite several recent advances, poor vascularization in implanted scaffolds impedes complete regeneration for clinical success of bone tissue engineering. The present study aims to develop a multibiofunctional nanocomposite for bone tissue regeneration using copper nanoparticle decorated reduced graphene oxide (RGO_Cu) hybrid particles in polycaprolactone (PCL) matrix (PCL/RGO_Cu). X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction confirmed the presence of copper oxides (CuO and Cu2O) on RGO. Thermogravimetric analysis showed that 11.8% of copper was decorated on RGO. PCL/RGO_Cu exhibited steady release of copper ions in contrast to burst release from the composite containing copper alone (PCL/Cu). PCL/RGO_Cu exhibited highest modulus due to enhanced filler exfoliation. Endothelial cells rapidly proliferated on PCL/RGO_Cu confirming cytocompatibility. The sustained release of ions from PCL/RGO_Cu composites augmented tube formation by endothelial cells evidenced enhanced angiogenic activity. Gene expression of angiogenic markers VEGF and ANG-2 was higher on PCL/RGO_Cu compared to PCL. The osteogenic activity of PCL/RGO_Cu was confirmed by the 87% increase in mineral deposition by pre-osteoblasts compared to PCL. The bactericidal activity of PCL/RGO_Cu showed 78% reduction in viability of Escherichia colt. Thus, the multi-biofunctional PCL/RGO_Cu composite exhibits angiogenic, osteogenic and bactericidal properties, a step towards addressing some of the critical challenges in bone tissue engineering. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV, PO BOX 211, 1000 AE AMSTERDAM, NETHERLANDS
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 20 Jan 2018 05:53
Last Modified: 20 Jan 2018 05:53
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/58838

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