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The TCP4 transcription factor regulates trichome cell differentiation by directly activating GLABROUS INFLORESCENCE STEMS in Arabidopsis thaliana

Vadde, Batthula Vijaya Lakshmi and Challa, Krishna Reddy and Nath, Utpal (2018) The TCP4 transcription factor regulates trichome cell differentiation by directly activating GLABROUS INFLORESCENCE STEMS in Arabidopsis thaliana. In: PLANT JOURNAL, 93 (2). pp. 259-269.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/tpj.13772

Abstract

Trichomes are the first cell type to be differentiated during the morphogenesis of leaf epidermis and serve as an ideal model to study cellular differentiation. Many genes involved in the patterning and differentiation of trichome cells have been studied over the past decades, and the majority of these genes encode transcription factors that specifically regulate epidermal cell development. However, the upstream regulators of these genes that link early leaf morphogenesis with cell type differentiation are less studied. The TCP proteins are the plant-specific transcription factors involved in regulating diverse aspects of plant development including lateral organ morphogenesis by modulating cell proliferation and differentiation. Here, we show that the miR319-regulated class II TCP proteins, notably TCP4, suppress trichome branching in Arabidopsis leaves and inflorescence stem by direct transcriptional activation of GLABROUS INFLORESCENCE STEMS (GIS), a known negative regulator of trichome branching. The trichome branch number is increased in plants with reduced TCP activity and decreased in the gain-of-function lines of TCP4. Biochemical analyses show that TCP4 binds to the upstream regulatory region of GIS and activates its expression. Detailed genetic analyses show that GIS and TCP4 work in same pathway and GIS function is required for TCP4-mediated regulation of trichome differentiation. Taken together, these results identify a role for the class II TCP genes in trichome differentiation, thus providing a connection between organ morphogenesis and cellular differentiation.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the WILEY, 111 RIVER ST, HOBOKEN 07030-5774, NJ USA
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Microbiology & Cell Biology
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 20 Jan 2018 06:41
Last Modified: 20 Jan 2018 06:41
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/58809

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