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Enhanced magnetization and reduced leakage current by Zr substitution in multiferroic ScMnO3

Sarkar, Tanushree and Elizabeth, Suja and Kumar, PS Anil (2018) Enhanced magnetization and reduced leakage current by Zr substitution in multiferroic ScMnO3. In: JOURNAL OF MAGNETISM AND MAGNETIC MATERIALS, 448 (SI). pp. 266-273.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmmm.2017.05.040

Abstract

Despite numerous attempts of electron doping in different manganites (RMnO3, R = rare earth), successful reports are scarce in the literature till date. In this paper, we have synthesized a series of phase-pure electron doped multiferroic compound Sc1-xZrxMnO3 (x = 0, 0.05, 0.1, and 0.2) and evaluated the effect of doping on structural properties, oxidation states of cations, DC magnetization, heat capacity, resistivity, dielectric behaviour and ferroelectricity in the material. The presence of Zr4+ and mixed valence state of Mn comprising of Mn2+ and Mn3+ ions are confirmed using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. All these samples exhibit antiferromagnetic ordering; as Zr4+ content increases, antiferromagnetic ordering gradually diminishes while shifting to low temperatures. Additionally, ferromagnetic-like interaction develops in doped systems which gives rise to hysteresis in isothermal magnetization loops with greatly enhanced magnetization in comparison to pure antiferromagnetic nature of x = 0 i.e. ScMnO3. Interestingly, even with zero magnetic moment of Sc3+, Schottky-like anomaly is observed at 5 K in heat capacity data of samples with x = 0.1 and 0.2, a result that we attribute to the highly resistive nature of doped samples. Moreover, while measuring ferroelectric hysteresis loops, we observe a significant reduction of leakage current in doped sample (x = 0.2) compared to pure ScMnO3. Additionally, the compound x = 0.2 shows improved dielectric and ferroelectric behaviour. It is proposed that doping of Zr4+ compensates for the cation deficiency and consequently eliminates the inherent oxygen vacancies by charge compensation. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: International Conference on Magnetic Materials and Applications (ICMAGMA), Hyderabad, INDIA, FEB 01-03, 2017 Copy right for this article belongs to the ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV, PO BOX 211, 1000 AE AMSTERDAM, NETHERLANDS
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 20 Jan 2018 06:57
Last Modified: 20 Jan 2018 06:57
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/58800

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