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Municipal solid waste: Generation, composition and GHG emissions in Bangalore, India

Ramachandra, TV and Bharath, HA and Kulkarni, Gouri and Han, Sun Sheng (2018) Municipal solid waste: Generation, composition and GHG emissions in Bangalore, India. In: RENEWABLE & SUSTAINABLE ENERGY REVIEWS, 82 (1). pp. 1122-1136.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2017.09.085

Abstract

Municipal solid waste in developing countries mainly consists of degradable materials (> 70%), which plays a significant role in GHG (Greenhouse gas) emissions in urban localities. The increasing municipal solid waste generation along with the high fraction of organic waste and its unscientific disposal is leading to emission of GHG (methane, CO2, etc.) in the atmosphere. Proportion of municipal solid wastes collected by the agencies disposed at identified sites is about 60%, while the balance is disposed-off at unauthorized disposal sites leading to the environmental consequences including greenhouse gas emissions. Mitigation strategy necessitates understanding of composition of waste for its treatment and management in an environmentally sound way. The study revealed that the per capita waste generated is about 91.01 +/- 45.5 g/day with the per capita organic waste generation of 74 +/- 35 g/person/day. The household per capita waste generation was positively related with income and education levels, while negatively related with family (household) size. The organic fractions constitute 82% with the strong recovery potential and conversion to energy or compost range. The total organic waste generated is about 231.01 Gg/year and due to mismanagement consequent emissions are about 604.80 Gg/year. Integrated solid waste management strategy is suggested to manage the organic fractions through technology and policy interventions, which helps in mitigating GHG emissions with potential economic benefits.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, THE BOULEVARD, LANGFORD LANE, KIDLINGTON, OXFORD OX5 1GB, ENGLAND
Department/Centre: Division of Interdisciplinary Research > Center for Infrastructure, Sustainable Transportation and Urban Planning (CiSTUP)
Depositing User: review EPrints Reviewer
Date Deposited: 12 Jan 2018 09:34
Last Modified: 12 Jan 2018 09:34
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/58645

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