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Edge states in mesoscopic Bi islands on superconducting Nb(110)

Yang, Fang and Jandke, Jasmin and Storbeck, Tim and Balashov, Timofey and Aishwarya, Anuva and Wulfhekel, Wulf (2017) Edge states in mesoscopic Bi islands on superconducting Nb(110). In: PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 96 (23).

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.96.235413

Abstract

Islands of Bi showing (110)-and (111)-orientated facets were grown on a Nb(110) single crystal and were studied with a scanning tunneling microscope at low temperatures. On the (111) facets, several states localized at step edges are identified from maps of the local differential conductance. We find edge states on both types of zig-zag step edges that decay exponentially over a length scale of several nanometers into the terrace. These states agree with the necessary condition for topologically nontrivial edge states. Further, we find states localized at the atomic scale at the step edge, which we interpret as dangling bond states. To investigate the nature of these states, we studied the Bi(110) surface, where the sharply localized states form stripe patterns, while the more extended edge state does not show a strong lattice-periodic pattern. Thus, our findings indicate a causal link between the strongly localized edge states on Bi(111) and the stripe pattern on Bi(110) as they are both related to the zig-zag termination of the honeycomb structure of Bi. Finally, we observed a decay of the superconducting proximity gap of the Bi islands with island thickness.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the AMER PHYSICAL SOC, ONE PHYSICS ELLIPSE, COLLEGE PK, MD 20740-3844 USA
Department/Centre: UG Programme
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 27 Dec 2017 10:25
Last Modified: 27 Dec 2017 10:25
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/58538

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