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Hygroscopicity and bulk thermal expansion in $Y_2W_3O_{12}$

Sumithra, S and Umarji, AM (2005) Hygroscopicity and bulk thermal expansion in $Y_2W_3O_{12}$. In: Materials Research Bulletin, 40 (1). pp. 167-176.

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Negative thermal expansion material, $Y_2W_3O_{12}$ has been synthesized by the solid-state method and bulk thermal expansion of the material has been investigated from 300 to 1100 K. The material reversibly forms a trihydrate composition whose X-ray diffraction pattern can be indexed to an orthorhombic unit cell with $a = 10.098(1) \AA$ , $b = 13.315(3) \AA$, $c = 9.691(4) \AA$. The cell volume of the hydrated pattern is 7% smaller than the unhydrated cell volume. According to the dilatometric studies, the material shows a 3–6% increase in the linear strain at about 400 K, which can be attributed to the removal of water. Sintering the material at 1473 K leads to large grain size of $>100 \mu m$, which results in a large hysteresis in the bulk thermal expansion behavior. Hot pressing at 1273 K under a uniaxial pressure of 25 MPa results in a fine-grained $(2-5 \mu m)$ ceramic. Glazing the ceramic prevents moisture pick up and a linear thermal expansion over the entire temperature range 1100–300 K and an average linear thermal expansion co-efficient of $-9.65 \times 10^{-6}/K$ is observed. The effect of water on the thermal expansion behavior of this system is discussed.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: The Copyright belongs to Elsevier.
Keywords: B. Chemical synthesis;C. X-ray diffraction; C.Thermogravimetric analysis;D. Thermal expansion
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Materials Research Centre
Depositing User: Nagaraj Vaidya
Date Deposited: 28 Mar 2006
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:24
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/5847

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