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Light rare earth element systematics as a tool for investigating the petrogenesis of phoscorite-carbonatite associations, as exemplified by the Phalaborwa Complex, South Africa

Milani, Lorenzo and Bolhar, Robert and Frei, Dirk and Harlov, Daniel E and Samuel, Vinod O (2017) Light rare earth element systematics as a tool for investigating the petrogenesis of phoscorite-carbonatite associations, as exemplified by the Phalaborwa Complex, South Africa. In: MINERALIUM DEPOSITA, 52 (8). pp. 1105-1125.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00126-016-0708-2

Abstract

In-situ trace element analyses of fluorapatite, calcite, dolomite, olivine, and phlogopite have been undertaken on representative phoscorite and carbonatite rocks of the Palaeoproterozoic Phalaborwa Complex. Textural and compositional characterization reveals uniformity of fluorapatite and calcite among most of the intrusions, and seems to favor a common genetic origin for the phoscorite-carbonatite association. Representing major repositories for rare earth elements (REE), fluorapatite and calcite exhibit tightly correlated light REE (LREE) abundances, suggesting that partitioning of LREE into these rock forming minerals was principally controlled by simple igneous differentiation. However, light rare earth element distribution in apatite and calcite cannot be adequately explained by equilibrium and fractional crystallization and instead favors a complex crystallization history involving mixing of compositionally distinct magma batches, in agreement with previously reported mineral isotope variability that requires open-system behaviour.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the SPRINGER, 233 SPRING ST, NEW YORK, NY 10013 USA
Department/Centre: Division of Earth and Environmental Sciences > Centre for Earth Sciences
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 26 Dec 2017 06:04
Last Modified: 26 Dec 2017 06:04
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/58421

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