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Thermomechanical effect in molecular crystals: the role of halogen-bonding interactions

Mittapalli, Sudhir and Perumalla, Sravanakumar D and Nanubolu, Jagadeesh Babu and Nangia, Ashwini (2017) Thermomechanical effect in molecular crystals: the role of halogen-bonding interactions. In: IUCRJ, 4 (6). pp. 812-823.

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Official URL: http://doi.org/10.1107/S2052252517014658


The design and synthesis of mechanically responsive materials is interesting because they are potential candidates to convert thermal energy into mechanical work. Reported in this paper are thermosalient effects in a series of halogen derivatives of salinazids. The chloro derivative, with higher electronegativity and a weaker inter-halogen bond strength (Cl center dot center dot center dot Cl) exhibits an excellent thermal response, whereas the response is weaker in the iodo derivative with stronger I center dot center dot center dot I halogen bonding. 3,5-Dichlorosalinazid (Compound-A) exists in three polymorphic forms, two room-temperature polymorphs (Forms I and II) and one high-temperature modification (Form III). The transformation of Form I to Form III upon heating at 328-333 K is a reversible thermosalient transition, whereas the transformation of Form II to Form III is irreversible and nonthermosalient. 3,5-Dibromo- (Compound-B) and 3-bromo-5-chloro(Compound-C) salinazid are both dimorphic: the Form I to Form II transition in Compound-B is irreversible, whereas Compound-C shows a reversible thermosalient effect (362-365 K). In the case of 3,5-diiodosalinazid (CompoundD) and 3,5-difluorosalinazid (Compound-E), no phase transitions or thermal effects were observed. The thermosalient behaviour of these halosalinazid molecular crystals is understood from the anisotropy in the cell parameters (an increase in the a axis and a decrease in the b and c axes upon heating) and the sudden release of accumulated strain during the phase transition. The dihalogen salinazid derivatives (chlorine to iodine) show a decrease in thermal effects with an increase in halogen-bond strength. Interestingly, Compound-B shows solid-state photochromism in its polymorphs along with the thermosalient effect, wherein Form I is cyan and Form II is light orange.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the INT UNION CRYSTALLOGRAPHY, 2 ABBEY SQ, CHESTER, CH1 2HU, ENGLAND
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Inorganic & Physical Chemistry
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 24 Nov 2017 10:11
Last Modified: 24 Nov 2017 10:11
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/58306

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