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Electrochemical and Diffusional Investigation of (Na2FePO4F)-P-II Fluorophosphate Sodium Insertion Material Obtained from Fe-III Precursor

Sharma, Lalit and Nayak, Prasant Kumar and de la Llave, Ezequiel and Chen, Haomin and Adams, Stefan and Aurbach, Doron and Barpanda, Prabeer (2017) Electrochemical and Diffusional Investigation of (Na2FePO4F)-P-II Fluorophosphate Sodium Insertion Material Obtained from Fe-III Precursor. In: ACS APPLIED MATERIALS & INTERFACES, 9 (40). pp. 34961-34969.

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Official URL: http://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b10637

Abstract

Sodium iron fluorophosphate ((Na2FePO4F)-P-II) was synthesized by economic solvothermal combustion technique using Fe-III precursors, developing one-step carbon-coated homogeneous product. Synchrotron diffraction and Mossbauer spectroscopy revealed the formation of single-phase product assuming an orthorhombic structure (s.g. Pbcn) with Fe-II species. This Fe-III precursor derived (NaFePO4F)-Fe-2-P-II exhibited reversible Na+ (de)intercalation with discharge capacity of 100 mAh/g at a rate of C/10 involving flat Fe-III/Fe-II redox plateaus located at 2.92 and 3.05 V (vs Na/Na+). It delivered good cycling stability and rate kinetics at room temperature. The stability of Na2FePO4F cathode was further verified by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy at different stages of galvanostatic analysis. Bond valence site energy (BVSE) calculations revealed the existence of 2-dimensional Na+ percolation pathways in the a-c plane with a moderate migration barrier of 0.6 eV. Combustion synthesized (Na2FePOF)-P-II-F-4 forms an economically viable sodium battery material. Although the capacity of this cathode is relatively low, this study continues systematic work, which attempts to broaden the scope of reversible sodium insertion materials.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the AMER CHEMICAL SOC, 1155 16TH ST, NW, WASHINGTON, DC 20036 USA
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Materials Research Centre
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 11 Nov 2017 07:08
Last Modified: 11 Nov 2017 07:08
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/58202

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