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OPTIMIZATION OF OPERATING PARAMETERS OF A RECOMPRESSION sCO(2) CYCLE FOR MAXIMUM EFFICIENCY

Sathish, Sharath and Kumar, Pramod and Namburi, Adi Narayana and Gopi, Pramod Chandra and Carlson, Matthew D and Ho, Clifford K (2017) OPTIMIZATION OF OPERATING PARAMETERS OF A RECOMPRESSION sCO(2) CYCLE FOR MAXIMUM EFFICIENCY. In: ASME Turbo Expo: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition, JUN 26-30, 2017, Charlotte, NC.

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Official URL: http://doi.org/10.1115/GT2017-64625

Abstract

Supercritical CO2 power systems offer significant power density advantages along with high efficiencies, compared to traditional Rankine or Brayton cycles. Of the several viable configurations, the recompression cycle has higher efficiency compared to the simple recuperated cycle for source temperatures above 500 degrees C. It also provides a good trade-off between efficiency and plant complexity. This paper explores the dependence of critical operational parameters on source and sink-temperature, which is then used as a means to generate guidelines for developing recompression sCO(2) power plants. The maximum source temperature in the analysis is restricted to 565 degrees C to take advantage of the existing materials and technologies associated with industrial steam turbines. However, the methodology described herein is applicable for any other source temperature range. An important source of thermal efficiency degradation in power plants is attributable to heat exchangers. Analysis presented in this work directly relates the optimum operational parameters of the recompression cycle to the operation of the low temperature recuperator. Thermodynamic analysis confirms that a recompression fraction of 0.25 and pressure ratio of 2.5 is as an optimum design point for the recompression cycle. The penalty in efficiency and power while operating the plant in off-design conditions for a fixed recompression fraction and pressure ratio is highlighted.

Item Type: Conference Proceedings
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the AMER SOC MECHANICAL ENGINEERS, THREE PARK AVENUE, NEW YORK, NY 10016-5990 USA
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 03 Nov 2017 10:43
Last Modified: 01 Mar 2019 05:36
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/58173

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