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Solid-state diffusion-controlled growth of the intermediate phases from room temperature to an elevated temperature in the Cu-Sn and the Ni-Sn systems

Baheti, Varun A and Kashyap, Sanjay and Kumar, Praveen and Chattopadhyay, Kamanio and Paul, Aloke (2017) Solid-state diffusion-controlled growth of the intermediate phases from room temperature to an elevated temperature in the Cu-Sn and the Ni-Sn systems. In: JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS, 727 . pp. 832-840.

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Official URL: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2017.08.178

Abstract

The solidestate growth of intermediate phases in the Cu-Sn and Ni-Sn systems is investigated in the temperature range of room temperature to an elevated temperature. In the Cu/Sn diffusion couples, Cu6Sn5 and Cu3Sn grow at temperatures >= 100 degrees C and only the Cu6Sn5 phase is found at lower temperatures. The integrated interdiffusion coefficients are estimated in the temperature range of 125-215 degrees C because of the observation of parabolic growth. The activation energies are estimated to be 64 +/- 4 and 75 +/- 6 kJ/mol for Cu3Sn and Cu6Sn5, respectively. In the Ni/Sn diffusion couples, only Ni3Sn4 grows at higher temperatures. At 50-100 degrees C, metastable NiSn4 phase is found along with an equilibrium Ni3Sn4 phase. At room temperature, only the metastable NiSn4 phase is found. The activation energy for the integrated interdiffusion coefficient of Ni3Sn4 is estimated as 71.6 +/- 5.3 kJ/mol, which is similar to the values estimated in the CueSn system. The growth rate of the product phases, for electroplated couples, is found to be a little higher in the Ni-Sn system as compared to the CueSn system. During storage at room temperature and service at elevated temperatures, the phases in the Ni-Sn system have comparable growth rate when compared to the same in CueSn system. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA, PO BOX 564, 1001 LAUSANNE, SWITZERLAND
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 03 Nov 2017 10:54
Last Modified: 03 Nov 2017 10:54
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/58135

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