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Uncertainties in the 2004 Sumatra-Andaman source through nonlinear stochastic inversion of tsunami waves

Gopinathan, D and Venugopal, M and Roy, D and Rajendran, K and Guillas, S and Dias, F (2017) Uncertainties in the 2004 Sumatra-Andaman source through nonlinear stochastic inversion of tsunami waves. In: PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY A-MATHEMATICAL PHYSICAL AND ENGINEERING SCIENCES, 473 (2205).

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Official URL: http://doi.org/10.1098/rspa.2017.0353


Numerical inversions for earthquake source parameters from tsunami wave data usually incorporate subjective elements to stabilize the search. In addition, noisy and possibly insufficient data result in instability and non-uniqueness in most deterministic inversions, which are barely acknowledged. Here, we employ the satellite altimetry data for the 2004 Sumatra-Andaman tsunami event to invert the source parameters. We also include kinematic parameters that improve the description of tsunami generation and propagation, especially near the source. Using a finite fault model that represents the extent of rupture and the geometry of the trench, we perform a new type of nonlinear joint inversion of the slips, rupture velocities and rise times with minimal a priori constraints. Despite persistently good waveform fits, large uncertainties in the joint parameter distribution constitute a remarkable feature of the inversion. These uncertainties suggest that objective inversion strategies should incorporate more sophisticated physical models of seabed deformation in order to significantly improve the performance of early warning systems.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the ROYAL SOC, 6-9 CARLTON HOUSE TERRACE, LONDON SW1Y 5AG, ENGLAND
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Instrumentation Appiled Physics
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 30 Oct 2017 03:38
Last Modified: 30 Oct 2017 03:38
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/58115

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