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Length-scale and strain rate-dependent mechanism of defect formation and fracture in carbon nanotubes under tensile loading

Javvaji, Brahmanandam and Raha, S and Mahapatra, D Roy (2017) Length-scale and strain rate-dependent mechanism of defect formation and fracture in carbon nanotubes under tensile loading. In: JOURNAL OF NANOPARTICLE RESEARCH, 19 (2).

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Official URL: http://doi.org/10.1007/s11051-016-3735-0

Abstract

Electromagnetic and thermo-mechanical forces play a major role in nanotube-based materials and devices. Under high-energy electron transport or high current densities, carbon nanotubes fail via sequential fracture. The failure sequence is governed by certain length scale and flow of current. We report a unified phenomenological model derived from molecular dynamic simulation data, which successfully captures the important physics of the complex failure process. Length-scale and strain rate-dependent defect nucleation, growth, and fracture in single-walled carbon nanotubes with diameters in the range of 0.47 to 2.03 nm and length which is about 6.17 to 26.45 nm are simulated. Nanotubes with long length and small diameter show brittle fracture, while those with short length and large diameter show transition from ductile to brittle fracture. In short nanotubes with small diameters, we observe several structural transitions like Stone-Wales defect initiation, its propagation to larger void nucleation, formation of multiple chains of atoms, conversion to monatomic chain of atoms, and finally complete fracture of the carbon nanotube. Hybridization state of carbon-carbon bonds near the end cap evolves, leading to the formation of monatomic chain in short nanotubes with small diameter. Transition from ductile to brittle fracture is also observed when strain rate exceeds a critical value. A generalized analytical model of failure is established, which correlates the defect energy during the formation of atomic chain with aspect ratio of the nanotube and strain rate. Variation in the mechanical properties such as elastic modulus, tensile strength, and fracture strain with the size and strain rate shows important implications in mitigating force fields and ways to enhance the life of electronic devices and nanomaterial conversion via fracture in manufacturing.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the SPRINGER, VAN GODEWIJCKSTRAAT 30, 3311 GZ DORDRECHT, NETHERLANDS
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Aerospace Engineering
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 21 Oct 2017 06:17
Last Modified: 21 Oct 2017 06:17
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/58074

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