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Methionine synthase is localized to the nucleus in Pichia pastoris and Candida albicans and to the cytoplasm in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Sahu, Umakant and Rajendra, Vinod K H and Kapnoor, Shankar S and Bhagavat, Raghu and Chandra, Nagasuma and Rangarajan, Pundi N (2017) Methionine synthase is localized to the nucleus in Pichia pastoris and Candida albicans and to the cytoplasm in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. In: JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY, 292 (36). pp. 14730-14746.

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Official URL: http://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M117.783019

Abstract

Methionine synthase (MS) catalyzes methylation of homocysteine, the last step in the biosynthesis of methionine, which is essential for the regeneration of tetrahydrofolate and biosynthesis of S-adenosylmethionine. Here, we report that MS is localized to the nucleus of Pichia pastoris and Candida albicans but is cytoplasmic in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The P. pastoris strain carrying a deletion of the MET6 gene encoding MS (Ppmet6) exhibits methionine as well as adenine auxotrophy indicating that MS is required for methionine as well as adenine biosynthesis. Nuclear localization of P. pastoris MS (PpMS) was abrogated by the deletion of 107 C-terminal amino acids or the R742A mutation. In silico analysis of the PpMS structure indicated that PpMS may exist in a dimer-like configuration in which Arg-742 of a monomer forms a salt bridge with Asp-113 of another monomer. Biochemical studies indicate that R742A as well as D113R mutations abrogate nuclear localization of PpMS and its ability to reverse methionine auxotrophy of Ppmet6. Thus, association of two PpMS monomers through the interaction of Arg-742 and Asp-113 is essential for catalytic activity and nuclear localization. When PpMS is targeted to the cytoplasm employing a heterologous nuclear export signal, it is expressed at very low levels and is unable to reverse methionine and adenine auxotrophy of Ppmet6. Thus, nuclear localization is essential for the stability and function of MS in P. pastoris. We conclude that nuclear localization of MS is a unique feature of respiratory yeasts such as P. pastoris and C. albicans, and it may have novel moonlighting functions in the nucleus.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the AMER SOC BIOCHEMISTRY MOLECULAR BIOLOGY INC, 9650 ROCKVILLE PIKE, BETHESDA, MD 20814-3996 USA
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 30 Sep 2017 09:20
Last Modified: 30 Sep 2017 09:20
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/57925

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