ePrints@IIScePrints@IISc Home | About | Browse | Latest Additions | Advanced Search | Contact | Help

Mechanism of transformation in Mycobacteria using a novel shockwave assisted technique driven by in-situ generated oxyhydrogen

Datey, Akshay and Subburaj, Janardhanraj and Gopalan, Jagadeesh and Chakravortty, Dipshikha (2017) Mechanism of transformation in Mycobacteria using a novel shockwave assisted technique driven by in-situ generated oxyhydrogen. In: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, 7 .

[img] PDF
Sci_Rep_7_2017.pdf - Published Version

Download (3MB)
Official URL: http://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-08542-5

Abstract

We present a novel method for shockwave-assisted bacterial transformation using a miniature oxyhydrogen detonation-driven shock tube. We have obtained transformation efficiencies of about 1.28 x 10(6), 1.7 x 10(6), 5 x 10(6), 1 x 10(5), 1 x 10(5) and 2 x 10(5) transformants/mu g of DNA for Escherichia coli, Salmonella Typhimurum, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Mycobacterium smegmatis, Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) and Helicobacter pylori respectively using this method which are significantly higher than those obtained using conventional methods. Mtb is the most difficult bacteria to be transformed and hence their genetic modification is hampered due to their poor transformation efficiency. Experimental results show that longer steady time duration of the shockwave results in higher transformation efficiencies. Measurements of Young's modulus and rigidity of cell wall give a good understanding of the transformation mechanism and these results have been validated computationally. We describe the development of a novel shockwave device for efficient bacterial transformation in complex bacteria along with experimental evidence for understanding the transformation mechanism.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP, MACMILLAN BUILDING, 4 CRINAN ST, LONDON N1 9XW, ENGLAND
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Aerospace Engineering(Formerly Aeronautical Engineering)
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 09 Sep 2017 04:46
Last Modified: 09 Sep 2017 04:46
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/57753

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item