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Identification and Analysis of a New Family of Bacterial Serine Proteinases.

Pandit, Shashi B and Srinivasan, N (2004) Identification and Analysis of a New Family of Bacterial Serine Proteinases. In: In Silico Biology, 4 (4). pp. 563-572.

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A family of hypothetical proteins, identified predominantly from archaeal genomes, has been analyzed in order to understand its functional characteristics. Using extensive sequence similarity searches it is inferred that this family is remotely related (best sequence identity is 19%) to ClpP proteinases that belongs to serine proteinase class. This family of hypothetical proteins is referred to as SDH proteinase family based on conserved sequential order of Ser, Asp and His residues and predicted serine proteinase activity. Results of fold recognition of SDH family sequences confirmed the remote relationship between SDH proteinases and Clp proteinases and revealed similar tertiary location of putative catalytic triad residues critical for serine proteinase function. However, the best sequence alignment we could obtain suggests that while catalytic Ser is conserved across Clp and SDH proteinases the location of the other catalytic triad residues, namely, His and Asp are swapped in their amino acid alignment positions and hence in 3-D structure. The evidence of conserved catalytic triad suggests that SDH could be a new family of serine proteinases with the fold of Clp proteinase, however sharing the catalytic triad order of carboxypeptidase clan. Signal peptide sequence identified at the N-terminus of some of the homologues suggests that these might be secretory serine proteinases involved in cleavage of extracellular proteins while the remote homologues, ClpP proteinases, are known to work in intracellular environment.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: The copyright of this article belongs to IOS Press.
Keywords: Clpp proteinase;genome analysis;hypothetical proteins;serine proteinase;structure prediction
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Biophysics Unit
Depositing User: Anka Setty
Date Deposited: 09 Mar 2006
Last Modified: 27 Aug 2008 11:48
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/5768

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