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Interplay between Top1 and Mms21/Nse2 mediated sumoylation in stable maintenance of long chromosomes

Mahendrawada, Lakshmi and Rai, Ragini and Kothiwal, Deepash and Laloraya, Shikha (2017) Interplay between Top1 and Mms21/Nse2 mediated sumoylation in stable maintenance of long chromosomes. In: CURRENT GENETICS, 63 (4). pp. 627-645.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00294-016-0665-4

Abstract

Genetic information in cells is encrypted in DNA molecules forming chromosomes of varying sizes. Accurate replication and partitioning of chromosomes in the crowded cellular milieu is a complex process involving duplication, folding and movement. Longer chromosomes may be more susceptible to mis-segregation or DNA damage and there may exist specialized physiological mechanisms preventing this. Here, we present genetic evidence for such a mechanism which depends on Mms21/Nse2 mediated sumoylation and topoisomerase-1 (Top1) for maintaining stability of longer chromosomes. While mutations inactivating Top1 or the SUMO ligase activity of Mms21 (mms21sl) individually destabilized yeast artificial chromosomes (YACs) to a modest extent, the mms21sl top1 double mutant exhibited a synthetic-sick phenotype, and showed preferential destabilization of the longer chromosome relative to shorter chromosomes. In contrast, an smc6-56 top1 mutant defective in Smc6, another subunit of the Smc5/6 complex, of which Mms21 is a component, did not show such a preferential enhancement in frequency of loss of the longer YAC, indicating that this defect may be specific to the deficiency in SUMO ligase activity of Mms21 in the mms21sl top1 mutants. In addition, mms21sl top1 double mutants harboring a longer fusion derivative of natural yeast chromosomes IV and XII displayed reduced viability, consistent with enhanced chromosome instability, relative to single mutants or the double mutant having the natural (shorter) non-fused chromosomes. Our findings reveal a functional interplay between Mms21 and Top1 in maintenance of longer chromosomes, and suggest that lack of sumoylation of Mms21 targets coupled with Top1 deficiency is a crucial requirement for accurate inheritance of longer chromosomes.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the SPRINGER, 233 SPRING ST, NEW YORK, NY 10013 USA
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 03 Aug 2017 10:15
Last Modified: 03 Aug 2017 10:15
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/57566

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