ePrints@IIScePrints@IISc Home | About | Browse | Latest Additions | Advanced Search | Contact | Help

Growth and biochemical characteristics of an indigenous freshwater microalga, Scenedesmus obtusus, cultivated in an airlift photobioreactor: effect of reactor hydrodynamics, light intensity, and photoperiod

Chandra, Sarat T and Aditi, S and Kumar, Maneesh M and Mukherji, S and Modak, J and Chauhan, VS and Sarada, R and Mudliar, SN (2017) Growth and biochemical characteristics of an indigenous freshwater microalga, Scenedesmus obtusus, cultivated in an airlift photobioreactor: effect of reactor hydrodynamics, light intensity, and photoperiod. In: BIOPROCESS AND BIOSYSTEMS ENGINEERING, 40 (7). pp. 1057-1068.

[img] PDF
Bio_Bio_Eng_40-7_1057_2017.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (866kB) | Request a copy
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00449-017-1768-0

Abstract

The freshwater green algae, Scenedesmus obtusus, was cultivated in a 3.4 L airlift photobioreactor. The hydrodynamic parameters were estimated at different inlet gas flow rates (1, 2, 3, and 4 LPM) and their subsequent impact on the growth and biochemical characteristics of microalgae was studied. The biomass concentration and productivity increased with an increase in flow rates from 1 to 4 LPM. A maximum of 0.07 g L-1 day(-1) productivity of biomass was attained at 3 LPM. An increase of total carbohydrate content from 19.6 to 26.4% was noticed with increment in the inlet flow rate of gas from 1 to 4 LPM. Major variations in total fatty acid content were not observed. The impact of light irradiance on growth and biochemical characteristics of S. obtusus was also evaluated. A maximum biomass productivity of 0.103 g L-1 day(-1) was attained at an illumination of 150 mu mol m(-2) s(-1) under continuous light. The major fatty acids reported were palmitic acid (C16:0), alpha-linolenic acid (C18:3), linoleic acid (C18:2), and oleic acid (C18:1). Biodiesel properties of the microalgae were estimated under various culture conditions. The light profile inside the airlift reactor was experimentally measured and the predictive modelling of light profile was also attempted.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the SPRINGER, 233 SPRING ST, NEW YORK, NY 10013 USA
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Chemical Engineering
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 14 Jul 2017 04:30
Last Modified: 01 Mar 2019 07:07
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/57361

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item