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Noncovalently Functionalized Tungsten Disulfide Nanosheets for Enhanced Mechanical and Thermal Properties of Epoxy Nanocomposites

Sahu, Megha and Narashimhan, Lakshmi and Prakash, Om and Raichur, Ashok M (2017) Noncovalently Functionalized Tungsten Disulfide Nanosheets for Enhanced Mechanical and Thermal Properties of Epoxy Nanocomposites. In: ACS APPLIED MATERIALS & INTERFACES, 9 (16). pp. 14347-14357.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b01608

Abstract

In the present study, noncovalently functionalized tungsten disulfide (WS2) nanosheets were used as a toughening agent for epoxy nanocomposites. WS2 was modified with branched polyethyleneimine (PEI) to increase the degree of interaction of nanosheets with the epoxy matrix and prevent restocking and agglomeration of the sheets in the epoxy matrix. The functionalization of WS2 sheets was confirmed through Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and thermogravimetric analysis. The exfoliation of the bulk WS2 was confirmed through X-ray diffraction and various microscopic techniques. Epoxy nanocomposites containing up to 1 wt % of WS2-PEI nanosheets were fabricated. They showed a remarkable improvement in fracture toughness (K-IC). K-IC increased from 0.94 to 1.72 MPa m(-1/2) for WS2-PEI nanosheet loadings as low as 0.25 wt %. Compressive and flexural properties also showed a significant improvement as incorporation of 0.25 wt % of WS2 PEI nanosheets resulted in 43 and 65% increase in the compressive and flexural strengths of epoxy nanocomposites, respectively, compared with neat epoxy, Thermal stability and thermomechanical properties of the WS2-PEI-modified epoxy also showed a significant improvement. The simultaneous improvement in the mechanical and thermal properties could be attributed to the good dispersion of WS2 PEI nanosheets in the matrix, intrinsic high strength and thermal properties of the nanosheets, and improved interaction of the WS2 nanosheets with the epoxy matrix owing to the presence of PEI molecules on the surface of the WS2 nanosheets.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the AMER CHEMICAL SOC, 1155 16TH ST, NW, WASHINGTON, DC 20036 USA
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 03 Jun 2017 09:41
Last Modified: 03 Jun 2017 09:41
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/57106

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