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Thermo-structural design of ZrB2-SiC-based thermal protection system for hypersonic space vehicles

Purwar, Anupam and Basu, Bikramjit (2017) Thermo-structural design of ZrB2-SiC-based thermal protection system for hypersonic space vehicles. In: JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CERAMIC SOCIETY, 100 (4). pp. 1618-1633.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jace.14750


The leading edges of hypersonic space vehicle experience high temperature and stress due to prevailing aerothermodynamic conditions of extreme heat flux and pressure. The design of thermal protection system (TPS) to protect the metallic airframe structure can ensure longer life and reliability under flight conditions. The effective design of TPS system requires the precise quantitative understanding of thermo-mechanical stresses and deformation, which demands careful computational study under flight simulated conditions. In the above perspective, TPS design for a leading edge exposed to Mach 7 hypersonic flow for 250 seconds has been carried out by performing finite element-based thermo-structural analysis with pressure and heat flux estimated from computational fluid dynamics analysis (CFD). The fidelity and robustness of CFD scheme is established using grid independence and convergence analysis. CFD analysis effectively captures the formation of bow shock around the leading edge and stagnation region near its nose. For finite element analysis, high-quality structural elements have been generated using HyperMesh to precisely model the thermo-structural behavior of TPS. In our computational analysis, TPS is modeled as a three-layered system with outermost layer of ZrB2-SiC, middle layer of phenolic cork and innermost layer of Ti-alloy. The analytical values of spatial variation of temperature, stress components, and displacement across the TPS have been critically analysed to rationalise specific structural configuration for better thermo-structural stability. Together with temporal variation of temperature, the implication of such computational results has led us to propose a new design for TPS. The proposed TPS is capable of containing the stress and displacement within 32 MPa and 0.58 mm, respectively, when the leading edge is exposed to shock induced aero-thermal heating as high as 2.11 MW/m(2) and pressure of 72.8 kPa for a hypersonic cruise flight of 500 km range.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the WILEY, 111 RIVER ST, HOBOKEN 07030-5774, NJ USA
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Materials Research Centre
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 20 May 2017 07:02
Last Modified: 20 May 2017 07:02
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/56958

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