ePrints@IIScePrints@IISc Home | About | Browse | Latest Additions | Advanced Search | Contact | Help

Evidence for the existence of Persian Gulf Water and Red Sea Water in the Bay of Bengal

Jain, Vineet and Shankar, D and Vinayachandran, PN and Kankonkar, A and Chatterjee, Abhisek and Amol, P and Almeida, AM and Michael, GS and Mukherjee, A and Chatterjee, Meenakshi and Fernandes, R and Luis, R and Kamble, Amol and Hegde, AK and Chatterjee, Siddhartha and Das, Umasankar and Neema, CP (2017) Evidence for the existence of Persian Gulf Water and Red Sea Water in the Bay of Bengal. In: CLIMATE DYNAMICS, 48 (9-10). pp. 3207-3226.

[img] PDF
Cli_Dyn_48-9_3207_2017.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (11MB) | Request a copy
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00382-016-3259-4

Abstract

The high-salinity water masses that originate in the North Indian Ocean are Arabian Sea High-Salinity Water (ASHSW), Persian Gulf Water (PGW), and Red Sea Water (RSW). Among them, only ASHSW has been shown to exist in the Bay of Bengal. We use CTD data from recent cruises to show that PGW and RSW also exist in the bay. The presence of RSW is marked by a deviation of the salinity vertical profile from a fitted curve at depths ranging from 500 to 1000 m; this deviation, though small (of the order of similar to 0.005 psu and therefore comparable to the CTD accuracy of 0.003 psu), is an order of magnitude larger than the similar to 0.0003 psu fluctuations associated with the background turbulence or instrument noise in this depth regime, allowing us to infer the existence of RSW throughout the bay. PGW is marked by the presence of a salinity maximum at 200-450 m; in the southwestern bay, PGW can be distinguished from the salinity maximum due to ASHSW because of the intervening Arabian Sea Salinity Minimum. This salinity minimum and the maximum associated with ASHSW disappear east and north of the south-central bay (85A degrees E, 8A degrees N) owing to mixing between the fresher surface waters that are native to the bay (Bay of Bengal Water or BBW) with the high-salinity ASHSW. Hence, ASHSW is not seen as a distinct water mass in the northern and eastern bay and the maximum salinity over most of the bay is associated with PGW. The surface water over most of the bay is therefore a mixture of ASHSW and the low-salinity BBW. As a corollary, we can also infer that the weak oxygen peak seen within the oxygen-minimum zone in the bay at a depth of 250-400 m is associated with PGW. The hydrographic data also show that these three high-salinity water masses are advected into the bay by the Summer Monsoon Current, which is seen to be a deep current extending to 1000 m. These deep currents extend into the northern bay as well, providing a mechanism for spreading ASHSW, PGW, and RSW throughout the bay.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the SPRINGER, 233 SPRING ST, NEW YORK, NY 10013 USA
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Centre for Atmospheric & Oceanic Sciences
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 20 May 2017 06:03
Last Modified: 21 Feb 2019 05:18
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/56935

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item