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Spiral-wave dynamics in a mathematical model of human ventricular tissue with myocytes and Purkinje fibers

Nayak, Alok Ranjan and Panfilov, A V and Pandit, Rahul (2017) Spiral-wave dynamics in a mathematical model of human ventricular tissue with myocytes and Purkinje fibers. In: PHYSICAL REVIEW E, 95 (2).

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevE.95.022405

Abstract

We present systematic numerical studies of the possible effects of the coupling of human endocardial and Purkinje cells at cellular and two-dimensional tissue levels. We find that the autorhythmic-activity frequency of the Purkinje cell in a composite decreases with an increase in the coupling strength; this can even eliminate the autorhythmicity. We observe a delay between the beginning of the action potentials of endocardial and Purkinje cells in a composite; such a delay increases as we decrease the diffusive coupling, and eventually a failure of transmission occurs. An increase in the diffusive coupling decreases the slope of the action-potential-duration-restitution curve of an endocardial cell in a composite. By using a minimal model for the Purkinje network, in which we have a two-dimensional, bilayer tissue, with a layer of Purkinje cells on top of a layer of endocardial cells, we can stabilize spiral-wave turbulence; however, for a sparse distribution of Purkinje-ventricular junctions, at which these two layers are coupled, we can also obtain additional focal activity and many complex transient regimes. We also present additional effects resulting from the coupling of Purkinje and endocardial layers and discuss the relation of our results to the studies performed in anatomically accurate models of the Purkinje network.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the AMER PHYSICAL SOC, ONE PHYSICS ELLIPSE, COLLEGE PK, MD 20740-3844 USA
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 21 Mar 2017 09:21
Last Modified: 21 Mar 2017 09:21
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/56403

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