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One-step, integrated fabrication of Co2P nanoparticles encapsulated N, P dual-doped CNTs for highly advanced total water splitting

Das, Debanjan and Nanda, Karuna Kar (2016) One-step, integrated fabrication of Co2P nanoparticles encapsulated N, P dual-doped CNTs for highly advanced total water splitting. In: NANO ENERGY, 30 . pp. 303-311.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nanoen.2016.10.024

Abstract

A one-step/one-pot strategy to synthesize phase pure Co2P nanoparticles encapsulated N, P dual-doped carbon nanotubes (denoted as Co2P/CNT) is developed. The method is free of toxic, pyrophoric alkylphosphine as the phosphorus source, does not involve the use of sophisticated instrumentation or expensive precursors and may be extended to other transition-metal phosphides. When the as prepared Co2P/CNTs are applied as an anode for OER in 1 M KOH, a current density of 10 mA/cm(2) is achieved at an overpotential of 292 mV which is 36 mV less than that required for the state-of-art OER catalyst RuO2 with a small Tafel slope of 68 mV/decade. While applied as a cathode towards HER, Co2P/CNTs exhibit a current density of 10 mA/cm(2) at an overpotential of 132 mV with a Tafel slope of 103 mV/dec that compares favourably with the state-of-the art HER catalyst, Pt/C. After 15 h of continuous electrolysis for both HER and OER, the electrode material preserves its structure along with its robust catalytic activity which points out to their excellent stability. A total alkaline water electrolyzer constructed by employing Co2P/CNT as catalyst on both anode and cathode delivered a current density of 10 inA/cm(2) at around 1.53 V over an extended operational period rivalling the state-of-art combination of Pt/C and RuO2 and is among the best of the bi-functional total-water splitting electrocatalysts reported till date. This remarkable performance of Co2P/CNTs can be attributed to the intrinsic catalytic activity of Co2P nanoparticles fortified with heteroatom doped few layered graphene which results in enhanced electrical conductivity besides providing long-term stability.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV, PO BOX 211, 1000 AE AMSTERDAM, NETHERLANDS
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 31 Jan 2017 05:30
Last Modified: 31 Jan 2017 05:30
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/56123

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