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Ball Mill Synthesis of Bulk Quaternary Cu2ZnSnSe4 and Thermoelectric Studies

Tiwari, Kunal J and Kumar, Prem D S and Mallik, Ramesh Chandra and Malar, P (2017) Ball Mill Synthesis of Bulk Quaternary Cu2ZnSnSe4 and Thermoelectric Studies. In: JOURNAL OF ELECTRONIC MATERIALS, 46 (1). pp. 30-39.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11664-016-4880-z


In this work, quaternary chalcogenide Cu2ZnSnSe4 (CZTSe) was synthesized using a mechanochemical ball milling process and its thermoelectric properties were studied by electrical resistivity, Seebeck coefficient, and thermal conductivity measurements. The synthesis process comprises three steps viz., wet ball milling of the elemental precursors, vacuum annealing, and densification by hot pressing. The purpose of this is to evaluate the feasibility of introducing wet milling in place of vacuum melting in solid state synthesis for the reaction of starting elements. We report the structural characterization and thermoelectric studies conducted on samples that were milled at 300 rpm and 500 rpm. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis showed the existence of multiple phases in the as-milled samples, indicating the requirement for heat treatment. Therefore, the ball milled powders were cold pressed and vacuum annealed to eliminate the secondary phases. Annealed samples were hot pressed and made into dense pellets for further investigations. In addition to XRD, energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) studies were performed on hot pressed samples to study the composition. XRD and EDS studies confirm CZTSe phase formation along with ZnSe secondary phase. Electrical resistivity and Seebeck coefficient measurements were done on the hot pressed samples in the temperature range 340-670 K to understand the thermoelectric behaviour. Thermal conductivity was calculated from the specific heat capacity and thermal diffusivity values. The thermoelectric figure of merit zT values for samples milled at 300 rpm and 500 rpm are similar to 0.15 and similar to 0.16, respectively, at 630 K, which is in good agreement with the values reported for solid state synthesized compounds.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the SPRINGER, 233 SPRING ST, NEW YORK, NY 10013 USA
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 31 Jan 2017 05:28
Last Modified: 31 Jan 2017 05:28
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/56113

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