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Petrogenesis and tectonic setting of the Bondla mafic-ultramafic complex, western India: Inferences from chromian spinel chemistry

Ishwar-Kumar, C and Rajesh, VJ and Windley, BF and Razakamanana, T and Itaya, T and Babu, EVSSK and Sajeev, K (2016) Petrogenesis and tectonic setting of the Bondla mafic-ultramafic complex, western India: Inferences from chromian spinel chemistry. In: JOURNAL OF ASIAN EARTH SCIENCES, 130 (SI). pp. 192-205.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jseaes.2016.07.004

Abstract

Crustal-scale shear/suture zones hold prime importance because they are one of the critical parameters used for paleogeographic configurations of supercontinental assemblies. The Kumta suture, located on the western margin of peninsular India, has been interpreted as the eastern extension of the Betsimisaraka suture zone of Madagascar. This suture separates the Karwar block (ca. 3200 Ma tona lite-trondhjemite-granodiorite (TTG) and amphibolite) in the west from a quartzite-dominated shelf that overlies ca. 2571 Ma quartzo-feldspathic gneisses of the Dharwar block in the east. The NW/SE-trending Bondla ultramafic-mafic complex, situated in the arc just west of the Kumta suture, comprises gabbro, troctolite, wehrlite, dunite, peridotite, pyroxenite, chromitite and chromian spinel-bearing serpentinite. In this paper, we study the chemistry of Cr-spinels in chromitites and serpentinites to help understand their paleo-tectonic environments. The Cr-spinel in Bondla chromitites and serpentinites shows variations in Cr# Cr/(Cr + Al)] ranging from 0.54 to 0.58 and 0.56 to 0.64 respectively; also, the Mg# Mg/(Mg + Fe)] varies from 0.56 to 0.67 and 0.41 to 0.63 respectively. The Cr-spinels in serpentinites have strong chemical zoning with distinctive ferrian chromite rims (Mg#0.41-0.63), whereas the Cr-spinels in chromitites are generally homogeneous with only occasional weak zoning. The spinel-core crystallization temperature in the serpentinite is estimated to be above 600 degrees C (the spinel stability field was calculated for equilibrium with FO90 olivine), which suggests the core composition is chemically unaltered. The Cr-spinels in all studied samples have low-Al2O3 (15-23 wt%) and moderate to high-Cr# (0.54-0.69), suggesting derivation from a supra-subduction zone arc setting. The chemistry of clinopyroxene in serpentinite indicates a wide range of crystallization temperatures from 969 degrees C to 1241 degrees C at 1.0 GPa. The calculated parental magma composition was similar to that of a modern primitive tholeiitic basalt formed by a high-degree of mantle melting. We ascribe the formation of the subduction-generated Bondla arc to the closure of the ocean that led to the formation of the Kumta suture. Thus, chromian spinel chemistry proves to be a viable indicator that helps understand the thermal conditions and tectonic derivation of the Bondla ultramafic-mafic complex against a suture zone in western India. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, THE BOULEVARD, LANGFORD LANE, KIDLINGTON, OXFORD OX5 1GB, ENGLAND
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Centre for Earth Sciences
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 31 Jan 2017 05:12
Last Modified: 21 Feb 2019 11:19
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/55978

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