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SYSTEMATIC THEORETICAL STUDY ON THE INTERSTELLAR CARBON CHAIN MOLECULES

Etim, Emmanuel E and Gorai, Prasanta and Das, Ankan and Chakrabarti, Sandip K and Arunan, Elangannan (2016) SYSTEMATIC THEORETICAL STUDY ON THE INTERSTELLAR CARBON CHAIN MOLECULES. In: ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, 832 (2).

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3847/0004-637X/832/2/144

Abstract

In an effort to further our interest in understanding the basic chemistry of interstellar molecules, here we carry out an extensive investigation of the stabilities of interstellar carbon chains; C-n, H2Cn, HCnN and CnX (X = N, O, Si, S, H, P, H-, N-). These sets of molecules account for about 20% of all the known interstellar and circumstellar molecules. Their high abundances, therefore, demand serious attention. High-level ab initio quantum chemical calculations are employed to accurately estimate the enthalpy of formation, chemical reactivity indices, global hardness and softness, and other chemical parameters of these molecules. Chemical modeling of the abundances of these molecular species has also been performed. Of the 89 molecules considered from these groups, 47 have been astronomically observed, and these observed molecules are found to be more stable with respect to other members of the group. Of the 47 observed molecules, 60% are odd-numbered carbon chains. Interstellar chemistry is not actually driven by thermodynamics, but it is primarily dependent on various kinetic parameters. However, we found that the detectability of the odd-numbered carbon chains could be correlated due to the fact that they are more stable than the corresponding even-numbered carbon chains. Based on this aspect, the next possible carbon chain molecule for astronomical observation in each group is proposed. The effect of kinetics in the formation of some of these carbon chain molecules is also discussed.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to theIOP PUBLISHING LTD, TEMPLE CIRCUS, TEMPLE WAY, BRISTOL BS1 6BE, ENGLAND
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Inorganic & Physical Chemistry
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 31 Jan 2017 04:34
Last Modified: 31 Jan 2017 04:34
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/55967

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