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The influence of deposition temperature on the structure, microstructure, morphology and magnetic properties of sputter deposited nickel thin films

Sharma, Amit and Mohan, S and Suwas, Satyam (2016) The influence of deposition temperature on the structure, microstructure, morphology and magnetic properties of sputter deposited nickel thin films. In: THIN SOLID FILMS, 619 . pp. 91-101.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tsf.2016.10.024

Abstract

This paper reports the evolution of microstructure and texture and their correlationwith the magnetic properties of Nickel thin films fabricated by direct current (DC) magnetron sputtering on a Silicon (100) substrate kept at different temperatures. The structural and microstructural investigations employing an X-ray diffraction line profile analysis (XRD-LPA) revealed an increase in the grain size and a significant reduction in the dislocation density by increasing the substrate temperature. The crystallographic texture of the films was characterized by a preferred (111) orientation in the films, irrespective of the deposition temperature. However, the evolution of a recrystallization cube texture (100) < 001 > was also observed with an increase in the deposition temperature in the films. The microstructure of the films deposited at room temperature showed a columnar growth morphology along the cross-section. The development of an equi-axedmicrostructure at higher temperatures was attributed to a higher mobility, enhanced surface and the bulk diffusion of ad-atoms arriving on the surface. A transition from soft to a hard magnetic character has been observed with an increase in deposition temperature. The magnetic force microscopy (MFM) revealed the presence of strip domains in the films deposited at room temperature. The presence of closure domains with disordered strip domains in the films deposited at 600 degrees C was correlated with an increase in the disorder function, hard magnetic character and magnetic anisotropy in the film. (C) 2016 Published by Elsevier B.V.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA, PO BOX 564, 1001 LAUSANNE, SWITZERLAND
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Division of Interdisciplinary Research > Centre for Nano Science and Engineering
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 20 Jan 2017 04:18
Last Modified: 20 Jan 2017 04:18
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/55921

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