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Survey for G-Proteins in the Prokaryotic Genomes: Prediction of Functional Roles Based on Classification

Pandit, Shashi B and Srinivasan, N (2003) Survey for G-Proteins in the Prokaryotic Genomes: Prediction of Functional Roles Based on Classification. In: Proteins: Structure, Function, and Genetics, 52 (4). pp. 585-597.

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The members of the family of G-proteins are characterized by their ability to bind and hydrolyze guanosine triphosphate (GTP) to guanosine diphosphate (GDP). Despite a common biochemical function of GTP hydrolysis shared among the members of the family of G-proteins, they are associated with diverse biological roles. The current work describes the identification and detailed analysis of the putative G-proteins encoded in the completely sequenced prokaryotic genomes. Inferences on the biological roles of these G-proteins have been obtained by their classification into known functional subfamilies. We have identified 497 G-proteins in 42 genomes. Seven small GTP-binding protein homologues have been identified in prokaryotes with at least two of the diagnostic sequence motifs of G-proteins conserved. The translation factors have the largest representation (234 sequences) and are found to be ubiquitous, which is consistent with their critical role in protein synthesis. The GTP_OBG subfamily comprises of 79 sequences in our dataset. A total of 177 sequences belong to the subfamily of GTPase of unknown function and 154 of these could be associated with domains of known functions such as cell cycle regulation and t-RNA modification. The large GTP-binding proteins and the \alpha -subunit of heterotrimeric G-proteins are not detected in the genomes of the prokaryotes surveyed.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Proteins: Structure, Function, and Genetics
Publisher: Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Additional Information: The copyright belongs to Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Keywords: proteins;genome analysis;gtpases;prokaryotes;protein families;protein structures
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Biophysics Unit
Date Deposited: 01 Mar 2006
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:23
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/5591

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