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Structural and functional analyses of PolyProline-II helices in globular proteins

Kumar, Prasun and Bansal, Manju (2016) Structural and functional analyses of PolyProline-II helices in globular proteins. In: JOURNAL OF STRUCTURAL BIOLOGY, 196 (3). pp. 414-425.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsb.2016.09.006

Abstract

PolyProline-II (PPII) helices are defined as a continuous stretch of a protein chain in which the constituent residues have backbone torsion angle (phi, psi) values of (-75 degrees, 145 degrees) and take up an extended left handed helical conformation, without any intra-chain hydrogen bonds. They are found to occur quite frequently in protein structures, with their number exceeding that of pi-helices, though it is considerably less than that of alpha-helices and beta-strands. A relatively new procedure, ASSP, for the identification of regular secondary structures using C-alpha trace identifies 3597 PPII-helices in 3582 protein chains, solved at resolution <= 2.0 angstrom. Taking advantage of this significantly expanded database of PPII-helices, we have analyzed their structural and functional roles as well as determined the amino acid propensity within and around them. Though Pro residues are highly preferred, their presence is not a mandatory requirement for the formation of PPII-helices, since similar to 40% PPII-helices were found to contain no Pro residues. Aromatic amino acids are avoided within this helix, while Gly, Asn and Asp residues are preferred in the proximal flanking regions. The PPII-helices range from 3 to 13 residues in length with the average twist and rise being -121.2 degrees +/- 9.2 degrees and 3.0 angstrom +/- 0.1 angstrom respectively. A majority (similar to 72%) of PPII-helices were found to occur in conjunction with alpha-helices and beta-strands, and serve as linkers as well. The analysis of various intra-helical non-bonded interactions revealed frequent presence of C-H center dot center dot center dot O H-bonds. PPII-helices participate in maintaining the three-dimensional structure of proteins and are important constituents of binding motifs involved in various biological functions. (C) 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE, 525 B ST, STE 1900, SAN DIEGO, CA 92101-4495 USA
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Biophysics Unit
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 04 Jan 2017 05:28
Last Modified: 04 Jan 2017 05:28
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/55855

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