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Structural instability and phase co-existence driven non-Gaussian resistance fluctuations in metal nanowires at low temperatures

Bid, Aveek and Raychaudhuri, AK (2016) Structural instability and phase co-existence driven non-Gaussian resistance fluctuations in metal nanowires at low temperatures. In: NANOTECHNOLOGY, 27 (45).

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0957-4484/27/45/455701

Abstract

We report a detailed experimental study of the resistance fluctuations measured at low temperatures in high quality metal nanowires ranging in diameter from 15-200 nm. The wires exhibit co-existing face-centered-cubic and 4H hcp phases of varying degrees as determined from the x-ray diffraction data. We observe the appearance of a large non-Gaussian noise for nanowires of diameter smaller than 50 nm over a certain temperature range around approximate to 30 K. The diameter range similar to 30 nm, where the noise has maxima coincides with the maximum volume fraction of the co-existing 4H hcp phase thus establishing a strong link between the fluctuation and the phase co-existence. The resistance fluctuation in the same temperature range also shows a deviation of 1/f behavior at low frequency with appearance of single frequency Lorentzian type contribution in the spectral power density. The fluctuations are thermally activated with an activation energy E-a similar to 35 meV, which is of same order as the activation energy of creation of stacking fault in FCC metals that leads to the co-existing crystallographic phases. Combining the results of crystallographic studies of the nanowires and analysis of the resistance fluctuations we could establish the correlation between the appearance of the large resistance noise and the onset of phase co-existence in these nanowires.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the IOP PUBLISHING LTD, TEMPLE CIRCUS, TEMPLE WAY, BRISTOL BS1 6BE, ENGLAND
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 30 Dec 2016 07:16
Last Modified: 30 Dec 2016 07:16
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/55641

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