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PI3 kinase pathway regulated miRNome in glioblastoma: identification of miR-326 as a tumour suppressor miRNA

Nawaz, Zahid and Patil, Vikas and Paul, Yashna and Hegde, Alangar S and Arivazhagan, Arimappamagan and Santosh, Vani and Somasundaram, Kumaravel (2016) PI3 kinase pathway regulated miRNome in glioblastoma: identification of miR-326 as a tumour suppressor miRNA. In: MOLECULAR CANCER, 15 .

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12943-016-0557-8

Abstract

Background: Glioblastomas (GBM) continue to remain one of the most dreaded tumours that are highly infiltrative in nature and easily preclude comprehensive surgical resection. GBMs pose an intricate etiology as they are being associated with a plethora of genetic and epigenetic lesions. Misregulation of the PI3 kinase pathway is one of the most familiar events in GBM. While the PI3 kinase signalling regulated pathways and genes have been comprehensively studied, its impact on the miRNome is yet to be explored. The objective of this study was to elucidate the PI3 kinase pathway regulated miRNAs in GBM. Methods: miRNA expression profiling was conducted to monitor the differentially regulated miRNAs upon PI3 kinase pathway abrogation. qRT-PCR was used to measure the abundance of miR-326 and its host gene encoded transcript. Proliferation assay, colony suppression assay and wound healing assay were carried out in pre-miR transfected cells to investigate its role in malignant transformation. Potential targets of miR-326 were identified by transcriptome analysis of miR-326 overexpressing cells by whole RNA sequencing and selected targets were validated. Several publically available data sets were used for various investigations described above. Results: We identified several miRNA that were regulated by PI3 kinase pathway. miR-326, a GBM downregulated miRNA, was validated as one of the miRNAs whose expression was alleviated upon abrogation of the PI3 kinase pathway. Overexpression of miR-326 resulted in reduced proliferation, colony suppression and hindered the migration capacity of glioma cells. Arrestin, Beta 1 (ARRB1), the host gene of miR-326, was also downregulated in GBM and interestingly, the expression of ARRB1 was also alleviated upon inhibition of the PI3 kinase pathway, indicating similar regulation pattern. More importantly, miR-326 exhibited a significant positive correlation with ARRB1 in terms of its expression. Transcriptome analysis upon miR-326 overexpression coupled with integrative bioinformatics approach identified several putative targets of miR-326. Selected targets were validated and interestingly found to be upregulated in GBM. Conclusions: Taken together, our study uncovered the PI3 kinase regulated miRNome in GBM. miR-326, a PI3 kinase pathway inhibited miRNA, was demonstrated as a tumour suppressor miRNA in GBM.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the BIOMED CENTRAL LTD, 236 GRAYS INN RD, FLOOR 6, LONDON WC1X 8HL, ENGLAND
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Microbiology & Cell Biology
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 30 Dec 2016 07:10
Last Modified: 30 Dec 2016 07:10
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/55635

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