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NiFe-layered double hydroxides: a bifunctional O-2 electrode catalyst for non-aqueous Li-O-2 batteries

Chitravathi, S and Kumar, Surender and Munichandraiah, N (2016) NiFe-layered double hydroxides: a bifunctional O-2 electrode catalyst for non-aqueous Li-O-2 batteries. In: RSC ADVANCES, 6 (105). pp. 103106-103115.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c6ra19054e


Ascertaining an appropriate cathode material for the Li-O-2 battery system is one of the main tasks at present. To deal with this, in this study, a highly active and stable NiFe-layered double hydroxide (LDH) is synthesized via a hydrothermal method. The characterisation results showed the presence of LDH nanoplates covered with Ni and Fe nanoparticles. In addition to the as prepared NiFe-LDH, its calcinated products at three different temperatures, 300, 500 and 800 degrees C are also studied for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) in a non-aqueous electrolyte by using cyclic voltammetry and rotating disc electrode (RDE) techniques. The as prepared NiFe-LDH exhibits a comparatively greater catalytic activity for ORR than its calcinated products. Li-O2 battery tests are then carried out to further evaluate the catalytic activity of the products in 1.0 M LiPF6 in tetraethylene glycol dimethyl ether (TEGDME). NiFe-LDH exhibited superior catalytic performance with a specific discharge capacity of similar to 3218 mA h g(-1) at 0.1 mA cm(-2). The discharge plateau appears at 2.75 V which is close to theoretical potential (2.9-3.1 V) for Li2O2 formation. A stable specific discharge capacity of similar to 1728 mA h g(-1) is obtained even after 30 cycles at 0.1 mA cm(-2). The discharge-recharge voltage gap is about similar to 0.9 V.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY, THOMAS GRAHAM HOUSE, SCIENCE PARK, MILTON RD, CAMBRIDGE CB4 0WF, CAMBS, ENGLAND
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Inorganic & Physical Chemistry
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 30 Dec 2016 07:03
Last Modified: 30 Dec 2016 07:03
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/55627

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