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Glaciations, gradients, and geography: multiple drivers of diversification of bush frogs in the Western Ghats Escarpment

Vijayakumar, SP and Menezes, Riya C and Jayarajan, Aditi and Shanker, Kartik (2016) Glaciations, gradients, and geography: multiple drivers of diversification of bush frogs in the Western Ghats Escarpment. In: PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES, 283 (1836).

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2016.1011

Abstract

The historical processes underlying high diversity in tropical biodiversity hot spots like the Western Ghats of Peninsular India remain poorly understood. We sampled bush frogs on 13 massifs across the Western Ghats Escarpment and examined the relative influence of Quaternary glaciations, ecological gradients and geological processes on the spatial patterns of lineage and Glade diversification. The results reveal a large in situ radiation (more than 60 lineages), exhibiting geographical structure and Glade-level endemism, with two deeply divergent sister clades, North and South, highlighting the biogeographic significance of an ancient valley, the Palghat Gap. A majority of the bush frog sister lineages were isolated on adjacent massifs, and signatures of range stasis provide support for the dominance of geological processes ``in allopatric speciation. In situ diversification events within the montane zones (more than 1800 m) of the two highest massifs suggest a role for climate-Mediated forest-grassland persistence. Independent transitions along elevational gradients among sub-clades during the Miocene point to diversification along the elevational gradient. The study highlights the evolutionary significance of massifs in the Western Ghats with the high elevations acting as centres of lineage diversification and the low- and mid-elevations of the southern regions, with deeply divergent lineages, serving as museums.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the ROYAL SOC, 6-9 CARLTON HOUSE TERRACE, LONDON SW1Y 5AG, ENGLAND
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Centre for Ecological Sciences
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 03 Dec 2016 09:31
Last Modified: 03 Dec 2016 09:31
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/55358

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