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Charge coup de fouet phenomenon in soluble lead redox flow battery

Nandanwar, Mahendra and Kumar, Sanjeev (2016) Charge coup de fouet phenomenon in soluble lead redox flow battery. In: CHEMICAL ENGINEERING SCIENCE, 154 . pp. 61-71.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ces.2016.07.001

Abstract

The charge coup de fouet phenomenon, known in the context of lead-acid battery, refers to the presence of a voltage dip shortly after charging of a fully discharged battery begins. While the attempts to relate magnitude of coup de fouet phenomena with the state of health of battery have appeared in the literature, the phenomena continue to be poorly understood. The soluble lead redox flow battery (SLRFB), with potential for energy storage at large scale at low cost, also displays similar features. We report in this work our modeling and experimental efforts aimed at understanding charge coup de fouet phenomenon in natural convection driven SLRFB. We present a model that incorporates the presence of non-conducting PbO in deposits through a percolation type model for conductivity. The associated potential drop across the deposits is incorporated in the model through reduced overpotential available for driving Butler-Volmer kinetics. The complete model with coupled natural convection induced by non-uniform concentration of Pb ions in electrolyte successfully captures charge coup de fouet phenomenon, and explains the measured variation of its magnitude with the depth of discharge in the previous cycle. The model explains our earlier observation that during the discharge process, a receding zone of deposits is seen only on cathode but not on anode. The approach used is applicable to electrochemical systems in which solid conducting matrix evolves to non-conducting or poorly conducting and vice-versa, with a change in composition. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, THE BOULEVARD, LANGFORD LANE, KIDLINGTON, OXFORD OX5 1GB, ENGLAND
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Chemical Engineering
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 03 Dec 2016 06:20
Last Modified: 03 Dec 2016 06:20
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/55264

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