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Unexpected superconductivity at nanoscale junctions made on the topological crystalline insulator Pb0.6Sn0.4Te

Das, Shekhar and Aggarwal, Leena and Roychowdhury, Subhajit and Aslam, Mohammad and Gayen, Sirshendu and Biswas, Kanishka and Sheet, Goutam (2016) Unexpected superconductivity at nanoscale junctions made on the topological crystalline insulator Pb0.6Sn0.4Te. In: APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS, 109 (13).

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4963698

Abstract

Discovery of exotic phases of matter from the topologically non-trivial systems not only makes the research on topological materials more interesting but also enriches our understanding of the fascinating physics of such materials. Pb0.6Sn0.4Te was recently shown to be a topological crystalline insulator. Here, we show that by forming a mesoscopic point-contact using a normal non-superconducting elemental metal on the surface of Pb0.6Sn0.4Te, a superconducting phase is created locally in a confined region under the point-contact. This happens when the bulk of the sample remains to be non-superconducting, and the superconducting phase emerges as a nano-droplet under the point-contact. The superconducting phase shows a high transition temperature T-c that varies for different point-contacts and falls in a range between 3.7K and 6.5 K. Therefore, this Letter presents the discovery of a superconducting phase on the surface of a topological crystalline insulator, and the discovery is expected to shed light on the mechanism of induced superconductivity in topologically non-trivial systems in general. Published by AIP Publishing.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the AMER INST PHYSICS, 1305 WALT WHITMAN RD, STE 300, MELVILLE, NY 11747-4501 USA
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 03 Dec 2016 06:06
Last Modified: 03 Dec 2016 06:06
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/55248

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