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Ion Transport Mechanism of a Gel Electrolyte Comprising a Salt in Binary Plastic Crystalline Mixtures Confined inside a Polymer Network

Sen, Sudeshna and Malunavar, Sneha and Bhattacharyya, Aninda J (2016) Ion Transport Mechanism of a Gel Electrolyte Comprising a Salt in Binary Plastic Crystalline Mixtures Confined inside a Polymer Network. In: JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY B, 120 (38). pp. 10153-10161.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcb.6b07523

Abstract

We discuss here the ion transport mechanism of a gel electrolyte comprising lithium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide (LiTFSI) solvated by two plastic crystalline solvents, one a solid (succinonitrile, abbreviated as SN) and another (a room temperature ionic liquid) (1-butyl-1-methylpyrrolidinium bis-(trifluorotuethanesulfonyl)imide, (abbreviated as IL) confined inside a linear network of poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA). The concentration of the IL component (x) determines the physical properties of the unconfined electrolyte (i.e., SN1-xILx-LiTFSI) and when confined inside the polymer network (GPE-x). The extent of disorder in the SN1-xILx-LiTFSI and the GPE-x electrolytes is enhanced compared to both the bare SN-LiTFSI and IL-LiTFSI electrolytes. The enhanced disordering in the plastic phase alters both the local ion environment and viscosity. These changes strongly influence the ion mobility and nature of predominant charge carriers and thus the ion conduction mechanism in SN1-xILx-LiTFSI and GPE-x. The proposed SN1-xILx-LiTFSI and the GPE-x electrolytes show predominantly anion conduction (t(TFSI) approximate to 0.5); however, lithium transference number (t(Li) approximate to 0.2) is nearly an order higher than the IL-LiTFSI (t(Li) approximate to 0.02-0.06). The ionic conductivity of SN1-xILx-LiTFSI is much higher (especially for x approximate to 0.1) compared to both SN-LiTFSI and IL-LiTFSI. The ionic conductivity of the GPE-x, though lower than the unconfined SN1-xILx-LiTFSI electrolytes, is still very promising, displaying values of similar to 10(-3) Omega(-)1 cm(-1). The GPE-x displayed compliable mechanical properties, stable Li-electrode/electrolyte interface, low rate of At corrosion, and stable cyclability over several tens of charge-discharge cycles when assembled in a separator-free Li-graphite cell. The promising electrochemical performance further justifies the simple strategy of employing, mixed, physical state plasticizers to tune the physical properties of polymer electrolytes requisite for application in rechargeable batteries.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the AMER CHEMICAL SOC, 1155 16TH ST, NW, WASHINGTON, DC 20036 USA
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 03 Dec 2016 06:05
Last Modified: 03 Dec 2016 06:05
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/55246

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